Gynaecologic oncology is the field of medicine that focuses on cancers related to the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer and vulvar cancer. It is the fourth most common type of cancer in women, affecting approximately one in every 20 women.
The symptoms of the gynaecological cancers are very vague and women often don't take the signs seriously and only consult a doctor when it becomes too late. Some of the symptoms that manifest when a woman suffers from either one of the cancers are as follows:
Even if a woman faces risk factors that could trigger gynaecological cancers, it doesn't necessarily mean that she would develop one. A lot of women have at least one risk factor which may never develop into a gynaecological cancer, while others with a gynaecological cancer may not have had any known risk factors. The causes and reasons behind many gynaecological cancers haven't been fully understood yet, but there are a number of factors that can increase the risk. These include:
Diagnosis of a gynaecological cancer may involve a number of tests depending on the symptoms. The tests include:
Treatment for gynaecological cancers depends on which organ it has affected, as well as, the stage and type of the disease, the severity of symptoms and the woman's general health. Treatment often involves surgery to remove as much of the tumour as possible, and to determine its stage (how far the cancer may have spread). Once the stage of cancer has been determined, one of the following methods are used to fight the cancerous cells: